CONCUSSION

Sports Medicine Physicians

In the past few years the media and athletic organizations have started paying a lot more attention to concussions and their effect. Most articles and new rules have centered on football from the high school to professional levels. NFL players with concussion problems get a lot of media time these days, but soccer players have also been seriously affected by concussions at every level. Studies show that soccer has one of the higher concussion rates in sports and one recent study suggested that the rate of concussions in girls’ soccer is even higher than in football.

Sometimes it can be hard to know whether an athlete has really sustained a concussion. Symptoms of concussion include:

  • Dizzinessconcussion utah
  • Headaches
  • Difficulty recalling words
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Fogginess
  • Balance problems
  • Memory problems
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Emotional instability

Regarding concussion diagnosis, the SCAT3 form, available from multiple sources on the internet, is the most widely accepted evaluation diagnostic tool. It combines multiple tests, including symptom checklists and cognitive and physical testing to help determine whether a concussion has occurred and the severity of symptoms. Advanced computerized neuropsychological testing is also available. Programs such as Cogstate, ImPACT, ANAM and HeadMinder are helpful for diagnosis and return-to-play decisions. These tests are most helpful when a baseline comparison test is available. Our practices offer free baseline testing.  Give us a call to learn more.

Most concussed athletes will improve and return to play within 10 days, but symptoms sometimes linger, and are far more likely to persist if another injury is sustained before the first concussion has resolved. It’s important to note that blows to other parts of the body can also lead to concussions.

If you or your child has suffered a head injury and have any of the below symptoms, contact one of our office to schedule an appointment with a concussion expert.

Symptoms of concussion:

  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Balance problems
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Feeling slowed or in a fog
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty remembering
  • Fatigue or low energy
  • Confusion
  • More emotional

If you are experiencing any of the following, go to the Emergency Room:

  • Still confused two hours after
  • Skull deformity
  • Raccoon eyes, blood in ears, bruising behind the ears
  • Fluid coming from the nose or ears
  • Vomiting, 2 or more episodes
  • Difficulty with speech, eye movements
  • Numbness, tingling, weakness
  • Symptoms getting worse
  • Amnesia before impact > 30 minutes
  • Continued short term memory loss
  • Abnormal behavior

Concussion Assessment

How much do you know about concussions? Click the link below to take a concussion quiz, developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  Test your concussion knowledge